FCD450 Ductile Iron

FCD450 Ductile Iron

Ductile Cast Iron FCD450 Material Excellent Mechanical Character Product Description and Process Ductile Cast Iron FCD450 Material Excellent Mechanical Character Production process includes: green sand casting process pre-coated sand casting process resin sand casting process Weight range: from...

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Ductile Cast Iron FCD450 Material Excellent Mechanical Character

Product Description and Process

Ductile Cast Iron FCD450 Material Excellent Mechanical Character


Production process includes:

green sand casting process

pre-coated sand casting process

resin sand casting process

Weight range: from 50 gram to 2,000 kilograms for ductile iron casting product


Machining process:

CNC machine, machining center, lathe, mill machine, drill machine, etc.


Surface treatment process:

paint coating, electrophoretic paint coating, electrogalvanizing coating, black oxide coating, phosphate treatment,  powder coating, etc.


Product  Material and Uses

Normally production with gray iron HT200, HT250, ductile iron 65-45-12, 60-40-18, 80-55-06, 80-60-03, 100-70-03, etc.

The ductile iron casting products are widely used for Auto-cars, trains, trucks, vehicle components, mining machinery components, agricultural machinery parts, textile machinery parts, construction machinery parts, etc.


Difference Between Ductile Iron and Cast Iron

Ductile iron can be bent without breaking, whereas cast iron is brittle and breaks when bent.

As ductile iron can be bent, it can be made into different shapes and forms. But one cannot make out different shapes and forms using cast iron. While ductile iron is flexible, cast iron is not.

When comparing the two, cast iron corrodes more quickly than ductile iron.

Ductile iron consists of iron, carbon, silicon, manganese, magnesium, phosphorous and sulphur. Tin and copper are also sometimes found. Ductile iron also consists of nodular graphite, which gives it flexibility.


Cast iron mainly consists of carbon and silicon.

With regard to practical uses, ductile iron pipes are used in sewer and water lines. This is because they are much stronger than cast iron. Moreover, ductile iron is better than cast iron in difficult terrains.

Ductile iron is mainly used in the automobile industry such as trucks, tractors and oil pumps. Cast iron is mainly seen in the construction industry.

It was Keith Millis who discovered ductile iron in 1943. Cast iron has been in use for many centuries. China is credited with the invention of cast iron in the 4th century BC. It was used first for making weapons, pots, ploughshares and pagodas. The western people knew cast iron only in the late 14th century.


Summary

1. Ductile iron can be bent without breaking.

2. Cast iron is brittle and it breaks when bent.

3. While ductile iron is flexible, cast iron is not.

4. As ductile iron can be bent, it can be made into different shapes and forms. One cannot make out different shapes and forms using cast iron.

5. Cast iron corrodes more quickly than ductile iron.

6. Ductile iron is mainly used in the automobile industry such as trucks, tractors and oil pumps. Cast iron is mainly seen in the construction industry.

7. Ductile iron consists of nodular graphite that give it flexibility.

8. It was Keith Millis who discovered ductile iron in 1943. China is credited with the invention of cast iron in the 4th century BC.


Common Ductile Iron Grades

While there are many different ductile iron specifications, foundries routinely offer 3 common grades

Physical and Mechanical Properties

ASTM A536,

Grade 60-40-18

ASTM A536,

Grade 65-45-12

ASTM A536,

Grade 80-55-06

Tensile Strength, min, psi

60,000

65,000

80,000

Tensile Strength, min, MPa

414

448

552

Yield Strength, min, psi

40,000

45,000

55,000

Yield Strength, min, MPa

276

310

379

Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min %

18

12

6

Density lb/in3

0.256

0.256

0.256

Density g/cm3

7.1

7.1

7.1

Melting Temperature (Degrees F)

2,100 – 2,190

2,100 – 2,190

2,100 – 2,190

Melting Temperature (Degrees C)

1,150 - 1,200

1,150 - 1,200

1,150 - 1,200

Compressive Strength Ksi

429

429

429

Compressive Strength MPa

2960

2960

2960

UNS

F32800

F33100

F33800


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